JUDGE was the second of the great humor magazines of the late 19th and early 20th centuries, having been founded in 1881 by a group of cartoonists who seceded from PUCK (founded 1877). It struggled on in various forms until 1949 (and was revived for a short time in 1953). It took the positions of the Republican party (as opposed to Democrat PUCK) and its typical cover illustration in the early days was a political cartoon. By the 1920's it was running general-interest humorous images of the day. Collections of reprint material were issued quarterly and monthly, and the JUDGE'S LIBRARY title eventually morphed into FILM FUN.